Model of investment security of the national economy in the conditions of digitalization: case of Ukraine
The current stage of world development leads to global challenges facing the countries of the world, in particular, it concerns the ensuring economic security and its component – investment. The current stage of ensuring the security of national economies has led to the transformation of this concept. The change of the paradigm of economic security has led to an increase in the role of investment security and its further research. External and internal factors, processes and their interconnections, lack of sufficient information, digitalization determine the characteristics of the model and the complexity of the study of this issue. The article focuses on the role and approach to the study of investment security; the author constructed a cognitive map of factors characterizing the interconnection of investment security elements. The map of the investment security model is disclosed through the stages of its formation, namely object analysis, cognitive analysis, building a cognitive model, building a cognitive map, as well as determining (detecting) its vertices and the relationships of factors characterizing investment security. It has determined positive and negative influence of factors that change depending on the current conditions of development of the world economy and the development of information and communication technologies.
Keywords: investment security, investment climate, digitalization, positive image, investment activity