Intellectual migration as a challenge of innovative development of national economy
Iryna Kolesnyk Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor
The research is devoted to the problem of intellectual migration and its impact on the prospects of further development of national economy on innovative means. In the given research the author considers the tendencies of inclusion of Ukraine in the processes of migration of intellectual capital. Emphasis is placed on the transformation of forms of intellectual migration under the conditions of further intensification of globalization processes. The main challenges of “brain drain” are identified in the context of promotion of competitiveness of the country's economy. The problem of educational emigration is being investigated. The latter is consciously regarded bythe author as an independent form of migration separated from the “brain drain”. Trends, dynamics and retrospective analysis of the main causes of educational emigration of Ukrainian citizens are analyzed. Stable high demand of Ukrainian citizens for higher education was noted. At the same time, it is noted that more and more Ukrainians are realizing their pursuit to get higher education by entering Universities abroad as modern leaders in education. The main positive and negative consequences of educational emigration for Ukraine have been analyzed in terms of their influence on the ability to preserve national intellectual potential.